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Fertility Facts

Pregnancy Facts

For most individuals who are trying to get pregnant and are under the age of 35 there is a 25% chance each month of achieving a pregnancy. The chances of becoming pregnant increases 60% within three to six months and up to one year.


Fertility Facts for Women

  • Fertilization on an egg normally occurs around day 12 to 14 of a 28 day menstrual cycle, but this will vary depending on the length of the cycle.


  • It is advisable to take Folic Acid .4 to 1.0 mg every day for at least three months before attempting pregnancy and to continue doing so throughout pregnancy. Folic Acid is an essential building block for new cells. If taken prior to pregnancy it decreases, by 50%, the chances of having a baby with neural tube (nervous system) defects.


  • Caffeine may reduce a woman's ability to conceive and may increase the risk of miscarriage. One or more cups of caffeine a day in combination with alcohol increases the negative effect on fertility.

  • Drinking alcohol decreases fertility.


  • Smoking cigarettes decreases fertility.

When to Seek Treatment

Generally, individuals should seek treatment if after one year of having regular intercourse, pregnancy has not resulted or if there is a problem with repeates pregnancy loss. After a complete physical examination and hormonal study of both partners, the investigation may begin with daily recordings of the woman's basal body temperature and a semen analysis for the man. Also, it would be advisable to discuss the possibility of referral to a fertility specialist.


Early diagnosis and treatment are very important, especially for individuals with the following:

  • Women over 30 years of age.Irregular or absent periods.

  • Previous use of an intrauterine device (UID) for birth control.

  • A history of sexually transmitted disease (STD) in either partner, prostrate, pelvic or genital infections in either partner.

  • Reversal of surgical sterilization for either partner.

  • Endometriosis (women with this condition often experience painful menstruation)

  • Breast discharge.

  • Women with excessive acne or hair on the body (hirsutism).

Consult a physician if any of these conditions apply and pregnancy has not been achieved after 6 months.

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